Answered By: Reference Librarian
Last Updated: Jul 22, 2014     Views: 106

27,000 hectares is the latest estimate from the 2009 statistics available are from the U.S. Department of State report from the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (2010 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR)) dated March 1, 2010.

Despite the efforts of the Government of Mexico, drug cultivation rose significantly in 2009 according to U.S. government agencies’ estimates. Opium poppy cultivation more than doubled to 15,000 hectares (ha) as of September 2009 from 6,900 in 2008—the highest level of production ever estimated in Mexico and all of Latin America combined. Cannabis production increased 35 percent to 12,000 ha from 8,900 in 2008—the highest level since 1992. These increases in drug production could represent greater vertical integration of DTO businesses intended to diminish reliance on foreign suppliers of product. Mexico is not considered a significant producer of cocaine, although DTOs continue to transit the drug through the country.

The GOM reported eradicating 14,135 ha of cannabis as of November 2009, as compared to 18,663 ha in all of 2008. This is well down from the yearly 30,000+ ha level of eradication from 2002—2006 and represents the sixth consecutive year of decline. Opium poppy eradication is also down from historic levels, with 11,471 ha reported eradicated as of November 2009, down from 13,189 ha in 2008. Much of this can be attributed to Mexican law enforcement’s shift in focus to harder drugs such as methamphetamine as well as more military and law enforcement resources being diverted to confront the DTOs and violence.

 

2009 YTD 05 NOV

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

Opium                  
Harvestable / Net Cultivation (ha) 15,000 6,900 ~ 5,100 3,300 3,500 4,800 2,700 4,400
Eradication (ha) 11,471 13,189 11,410 16,890 21,609 15,926 20,034 19,158 19,115
Potential Opium Gum (MT) ~ 325 149 110 71 73 101 58 91
Potential Black Tar Heroin (MT)   105 50 36 22 25 23 13 21
Potential Pure Heroin (MT) ~ 38 18 13 8 9 12 7 11
Cannabis                  
Harvestable / Net Cultivation (ha) 12,000 8,900 ~ 8,600 5,600 5,800 7,500 7,900 4,100
Eradication (ha) 14,135 18,663 23,316 30,162 30,857 30,852 36,585 30,775 28,699
Net Cannabis Production (MT) ~ 21,500 15,800 15,500 10,100 10,440 13,500 7,900 7,400
Seizures                  
Cocaine HCL (MT) 20 19 48 21 31 27 21 13 30
Cannabis (MT) 1,385 1,685 2,213 1,902 1,796 2,208 2,248 1,633 1,839
Opium Gum (kg) 665 168 308 124 276 465 198 310 516
Heroin (kg) 277 296 317 334 462 302 306 283 269
Methamphetamine (kg) 5,400 232 805 753 980 952 751 457 400
Arrests/Detentions 36,332 28,650 29,357 18,903 28,651 23,459 13,571 14,231 9,973
Nationals 35,984 28,258 29,042 18,696 28,332 22,966 13,167 13,815 9,784
Foreigners 348 392 315 207 319 493 404 416 189
Labs Destroyed 165 47 33 31 37 23 22 13 28


Sources:
1: Centro Nacional de Planeacion, Analisis e informacion para el Combate a la Delincuencia (CENAPI) and PGR
2: CNC


**In researching this question, I received a response from a DEA agent who laughed and told me if they (Drug Enforcement Agents) knew the exact amount of land being used to cultivate illicit crops in Mexico, we (the U.S.) wouldn't have a problem!  All figures are estimates.

 

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